Dr Frances Hopkins

Marine Chemist

Frances, Hopkins

Contact Details

+44 (0)1752 633100 (switchboard)

Dr Frances E Hopkins is a marine biogeochemist at PML working on the production and cycling of climatically- and atmospherically-important marine trace gases. After obtaining a First Class degree in marine biology and oceanography from Bangor University, she carried out her PhD research under the supervision of Prof. Peter Liss at the University of East Anglia. Her PhD project investigated the effects of ocean acidification (OA) on a range of key trace gases, including halocarbons and dimethyl sulfide (DMS). Frances joined PML in 2009, enabling her to continue this research through involvement in both the European Project on Ocean Acidification (EPOCA) and the UK Ocean Acidification Research Programme (UKOA).

Her research has involved regular sea-going and land-based expeditions, in locations including Norway, Italy, the eastern Atlantic, Svalbard, the NW European shelf, the Arctic Ocean and the Southern Ocean.  Frances has a wide range of experience in analytical techniques for marine trace gas analysis, including gas chromatography with mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and flame photometric detection (GC-FPD), proton transfer reaction - mass spectrometry (PTR MS), atmospheric pressure ionization - chemical ionization mass spectrometry (API CIMS).

Frances is a co-investigator on a newly funded NERC project examining the microbial degradation of DMSO in seawater (Principle investigator Dr Joanna Dixon).   Other recent work has focused on investigating DMS production by tropical corals, in collaboration with the University of Essex.

Frances has been actively involved in the establishment of a new atmospheric observatory for PML, at a coastal site on the Cornish coast, a project which represents an expansion of the Western Channel Observatory.  Work is on-going to install a range of meteorological and analytical instruments to monitor a range of important compounds in the marine atmosphere.

Key Projects

ACSIS: The North Atlantic Climate System Integrated Study

PML Research Programme: Speciation of volatile organic carbon (VOC) in surface waters and products from reactions with atmospheric ozone.

DMSO in the marine environment (NERC RM: NE/L004151/1)

Western Channel Observatory (WCO)

UK Ocean Acidification Research Programme (UKOA)

Other Activities

Outreach and dissemination

FE Hopkins and E Papathansopoulou (2012). Ocean acidification and shellfish. The Grower (Newsletter for the Association of Scottish Shellfish Growers), October 2012.

FE Hopkins, R Ellis, E Pope, E Papathansopoulou (2013). Ocean acidification and shellfish: effects on UK aquaculture? Shellfish News, Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (Cefas) on behalf of the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), biannual newsletter, Spring/Summer 2013.


AL Webb, E Leedham-Elvidge, C Hughes, FE Hopkins, G Malin, LT Bach, K Schulz, K Crawfurd, CPD Brussaard, A Stuhr, U Riebesell, PS Liss  (2016). Effect of ocean acidification and elevated fCO2 on trace gas production by a Baltic Sea summer phytoplankton community. Biogeosciences 13(15): 4595-4613.
M Yang, TG Bell, FE Hopkins, TJ Smyth (2016) Attribution of Atmospheric Sulfur Dioxide over the English Channel to Dimethylsulfide and Changing Ship Emissions, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, doi: 10.5194/acp-2016-56
M Yang, TG Bell, FE Hopkins, V Kitidis, P Cazenave, PD Nightingale, M Yelland, R Pascal, J Prytherch, IM Brooks, TJ Smyth (2016) Air-Sea Fluxes of CO2 and CH4 from the Penlee Point Atmospheric Observatory on the South West Coast of the UK, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, doi: 10.5194/acp-2015-717

A Webb, G Malin, FE Hopkins, Kai Lam Ho, U Riebesell, K Schulz, A Larsen, PS Liss (2015) Ocean acidification has different effects on the production of DMS and DMSP measured in cultures of Emiliania huxleyi and a mesocosm study: a comparison of laboratory monocultures and community interactions. Environmental Chemistry (in press).

J Nunes, SJ McCoy, HS Findlay, FE Hopkins, V Kitidis, AM Queirós, L Rayner, S Widdicombe  (2015). Two intertidal, non-calcifying macroalgae (Palmaria palmate and Saccharina latisima) show complex and variable responses to short-term CO2 acidification. ICES Journal of Marine Science, doi: 10.1093/icesjms/fsv081.

FE Hopkins, SD Archer (2014) Consistent increase in dimethyl sulphide (DMS) in response to high CO2 in five shipboard bioassays from contrasting NW European shelf waters. Biogeosciences 11, 4925 – 4940, doi: 10.5194/bg-11-4925-2014.

M Ribas Ribas, EP Achterberg, SD Archer, D Bakker, D Clark, FE Hopkins, CM Moore, HE Lawson, G Lee, M Palmer, A Poulton, S Richier, T Shi, M Stinchcombe, D Suggett, T Tyrrell, J Young (2014) UK Ocean Acidification programme D366 cruise around the British Isles CTD bottle sample measurements. British Oceanographic Data Centre - Natural Environment Research Council, UK. doi:10/thr.

S Richier, EP Achterberg, SD Archer, L Bretherton, I Brown, D Clark, C Dumousseaud, RJ Holland, FE Hopkins, GA MacGilchrist, CM Moore, A Poulton, A Rees, T Shi, M Stinchcombe, D Suggett, MV Zubkov, J Young, T Tyrrell (2014) Ocean acidification impacts on sea surface biology and biogeochemistry in Northwest European Shelf Seas: a high-replicated shipboard approach. British Oceanographic Data Centre - Natural Environment Research Council, UK. doi:10/s8r.

SD Archer, SA Kimmance, JA Stephens, FE Hopkins, R Bellerby, K Schulz (2013) Contrasting responses to ocean acidification of DMS and its precursor DMSP in Arctic waters. Biogeosciences, 10, 1893 – 1908.

FE Hopkins, SA Kimmance, JA Stephens, C Brussaard, R Bellerby, J Czerny, K Schulz, S Klavsen, S Archer (2013) Response of halocarbons to ocean acidification in the Arctic. Biogeosciences, 10, 2331 – 2345.

V Avgoustidi, PD Nightingale, I Joint, M Steinke, SM Turner, FE Hopkins, PS Liss (2012). Decreased marine dimethyl sulphide production under elevated CO2 in mesocosm and in vitro studies. Environmental Chemistry, 9, 399 – 404.

FE Hopkins, PD Nightingale, PS Liss (2011) Effect of ocean acidification on the marine source of atmospherically active trace gases. In: Ocean Acidification. Eds: J-P Gattuso and L. Hansson. Oxford University Press.

CE Jones, SJ Andrews, LJ Carpenter, C Hogan, FE Hopkins, JC Laube, AD Robinson, TG Spain, SD Archer, NRP Harris, PD Nightingale, SJ O’Doherty, DE Oram, JA Pyle, JH Butler, and BD Hall (2011) Results from the first national UK inter-laboratory calibration for very short-lived halocarbons. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 4, 865 – 874.

FE Hopkins, SM Turner, PD Nightingale, M Steinke, D Bakker, PS Liss (2009) Ocean acidification and marine trace gas emissions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA), 107, 760.

FE Hopkins and SM Mudge (2004) Detecting anthropogenic stress in an ecosystem: 2. Macrofauna in a sewage gradient. Environmental Forensics 5 (4), 213 – 223.

< Back to staff list