People > Dr Ming-Xi Yang

Dr Ming-Xi Yang

Chemical Oceanographer



Contact Details

+44 (0)1752 633100 (switchboard)

miya23/10/2019 06:50:40@pml.ac.uk

Transport of gases between the ocean and the atmosphere has profound implications for our environment and the Earth’s climate, such as the oceanic uptake of carbon dioxide, which has buffered us from a higher concentration of this greenhouse gas in the atmosphere but also causing ocean acidification and subsequently impacting society. By bringing atmospheric chemistry and chemical oceanography together at a highly interdisciplinary level I have been able to pioneer and develop novel and improved ways of understanding and monitoring the transport of gases in this growing area of science.

At PML I have spearheaded the development of the Penlee Point Atmospheric Observatory, the first UK observatory designed to study air-sea interaction. This observatory, the fruit of my vision, is a particularly suitable for long-term monitoring of pollutants and greenhouse gases as well as intensive process-based studies through its interaction with the globally unique Western Channel Observatory. There are currently only a few coastal air-sea interaction observatories worldwide and its establishment is contributing to our understanding of how the coastal seas affect the air we breathe and how atmospheric pollutant deposition affects the near shore waters.

More generally I lead in the science areas of atmospheric chemistry (gases and aerosols) and development of novel atmospheric and oceanic measurement systems at PML. Through my research I also drive the long-term observations air-sea exchange (of momentum, heat transfer, carbon dioxide) on UK research vessels, which is critical for understanding the ocean uptake of excess heat and carbon.

Projects

ACRUISE

Atmospheric Composition and Radiative forcing changes due to UN International Ship Emissions regulations (ACRUISE)

Contact: Dr Ming-Xi Yang

Ship emissions are significant sources of polluting aerosols in coastal regions, causing hundreds of thousands of premature deaths per year...

AMT4OceanSatFlux

Atlantic Meridional Transect Ocean Flux from Satellite Campaign (AMT4OceanSatFlux)

Contact: Dr Gavin Tilstone

The AMT4OceanSatFlux project will measure the flux of carbon dioxide (CO2) between the atmosphere and the ocean utilising a state-of-the-art eddy...

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Other key projects

The North Atlantic Climate System Integrated Study (ACSIS)

Ocean Regulation of Climate by Heat and Carbon Sequestration and Transports (ORCHESTRA)

Global Methane Budget (MOYA)


Recent publications

  • Yang, M; Bell, TG; Brown, IJ; Fishwick, J; Kitidis, V; Nightingale, PD; Rees, AP; Smyth, TJ. 2019 Insights from year-long measurements of air–water CH4 and CO2 exchange in a coastal environment. Biogeosciences, 16 (5). 961-978. https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-16-961-2019
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  • Yang, M; Fleming, ZL. 2019 Estimation of atmospheric total organic carbon (TOC) – paving the path towards carbon budget closure. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 19 (1). 459-471. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-19-459-2019
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  • Robson, J; Sutton, R; Archibald, A; Cooper, F; Christensen, M; Gray, L; Holliday, NP; Macintosh, C; McMillan, M; Moat, B; Russo, M; Tilling, R; Carslaw, K; Desbruyeres, D; Embury, O; Feltham, D; Grosvenor, D; Josey, S; King, B; Lewis, A; McCarthy, G; Merchant, C; New, A; O'Reilly, C; Osprey, S; Read, K; Scaife, A; Shepherd, A; Sinha, B; Smeed, D; Smith, D; Ridout, A; Woolings, T; Yang, M. 2018 Recent multivariate changes in the North Atlantic climate system, with a focus on 2005–2016. International Journal of Climatology. https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.5815
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  • Sommariva, R; Hollis, LDJ; Sherwen, T; Baker, AR; Ball, SM; Bandy, BJ; Bell, TG; Chowdhury, M; Cordell, R; Evans, M; Lee, JD; Reed, C; Reeves, CE; Roberts, JM; Yang, M; Monks, PS. 2018 Seasonal and geographical variability of nitryl chloride and its precursors in Northern Europe. Atmospheric Science Letters, 19 (8). e844. https://doi.org/10.1002/asl.844
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  • Brewin, RJW; Smale, DA; Moore, PJ; Dall’Olmo, G; Miller, PI; Taylor, BH; Smyth, TJ; Fishwick, J; Yang, M. 2018 Evaluating Operational AVHRR Sea Surface Temperature Data at the Coastline Using Benthic Temperature Loggers. Remote Sensing, 10 (6), 925. 1-23. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs10060925
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  • Blomquist, BW; Brumer, SE; Fairall, CW; Huebert, BJ; Zappa, CJ; Brooks, IM; Yang, M; Bariteau, L; Prytherch, J.; Hare, J; Czerski, H; Matei, A; Pascal, RW. 2017 Wind Speed and Sea State Dependencies of Air-Sea Gas Transfer: Results From the High Wind Speed Gas Exchange Study (HiWinGS). Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017JC013181
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View more publications

Selected key publications

Yang, M., R. Beale, P. Liss, M. Johnson, B. Blomquist, and P. Nightingale, Air–sea fluxes of oxygenated volatile organic compounds across the Atlantic Ocean, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 7499-7517, doi:10.5194/acp-14-7499-2014, 2014.

Yang, M., P. Nightingale, R. Beale, P. Liss, B. Blomquist, and C. Fairall, Atmospheric deposition of methanol over the Atlantic Ocean, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 110, 50, 20034–20039, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1317840110, 2013.

Yang, M., B. Huebert, B. Blomquist, S. Howell, L. Shank, C. McNaughton, A. Clarke, L. Hawkins, L. Russell, D. Covert, D. Coffman, T. Bates, P. Quinn, N. Zagorac, A. Bandy, S. de Szoeke, P. Zuidema, S. Tucker, W. Brewer, K. Benedict, and J. Collett, Atmospheric sulfur cycling in the Southeastern Pacific – longitudinal distribution, vertical profile, and diel variability observed during VOCALS-REx, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 5079-5097, doi:10.5194/acp-11-5079-2011, 2011.

Yang, M., B. Blomquist, C. Fairall, S. Archer, and B. Huebert, Air-sea Exchange of Dimethylsulfide (DMS) in the Southern Ocean – Measurements from SO GasEx compared to temperate and tropical regions, J. Geophys. Res., 116, C00F05, doi:10.1029/2010JC006526, 2011.

Yang, M., B. Blomquist, and B. Huebert, Constraining the concentration of the hydroxyl radical in a stratocumulus-topped marine boundary layer from sea-to-air eddy covariance flux measurements of dimethylsulfide, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 9225-9236, 2009.

Yang, M., S. Howell, J. Zhuang, and B. Huebert, Attribution of Aerosol Light Absorption to black carbon, brown carbon, and dust in China – Interpretations of atmospheric measurements during EAST-AIRE, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 2035-2050, 2009.

Other activities

Western Channel Observatory Task Team member

PML Library Committee member