Vectors of Change in Oceans and Seas Marine Life, Impact on Economic Sectors (VECTORS)

VECTORS improved our understanding of how environmental and man-made factors are impacting marine ecosystems now and in the future. Through examining how future changes will affect the range of goods and services provided by the oceans, the scientists in the VECTORS project examined the ensuing societal impacts and some of the measures which could be developed to mitigate or adapt to these changes.

The project was co-ordinated by PML, with 36 other international project partners, bringing together a multidisciplinary, large-scale consortium of scientists. 


The VECTORS project addressed a complex array of interests comprising areas of concern for marine life, biodiversity, invasive species, sectoral interests, regional seas, and academic disciplines as well as the interests of stakeholders. The project also ensured that the links and interactions between these areas of interest are explored, explained, modelled and communicated effectively to the relevant stakeholders. The implications of the project's findings are summarised in a web-based tool, and in a final report with detailed recommendations to the full spectrum of policy makers and stakeholders.

Further Information

This project has been completed

Key information

Funder: European Commission (EC)

Project start date: February 2011

Project end date: February 2015

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Professor Melanie Austen
Head of Science - Sea and Society

Other participants

Dr Ana Queirós, Dr Caroline Hattam, Dr Paul Somerfield, Dr Susan Kay

Introducing Marine Ecosystem Services

This video provides an overview of the ecosystem services approach to understanding the marine environment and its application in VECTORS, an EU-funded marine research project. 

Understanding what the ocean give us is central to its future management...