UN Climate Change Conference (COP25)

Monday 2 December 2019 - Friday 13 December 2019

IFEMA - Feria de Madrid in Madrid, Spain

This year’s UN Climate Change Conference (UNFCCC COP25) has been designated as “the Blue COP” and as such it will prioritize the climate/ocean nexus when delegates convene in Madrid, 2 – 13 December 2019. Plymouth Marine Laboratory (PML) scientists have been taking part in each of these UN Climate Change meetings since 2009 and are looking forward to doing do so again, continuing to highlight the enormous role the ocean plays in sustaining life on Earth, and the consequences of a high CO2 world for the ocean and society.

This Climate Change Conference will feature the 25th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 25) to the UNFCCC and is designed to take the next crucial steps in the UN climate change process. Following agreement on the implementation guidelines of the Paris Agreement at COP 24 in Poland last year, a key objective for this year is to complete several matters with respect to the full operationalization of the Paris Climate Change Agreement. COP 25 will take place under the Presidency of the Government of Chile and will be held with logistical support from the Government of Spain.

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PML at COP25

PML’s scientists will present, lead and partner in ocean focused events at COP 25, a number of which will also be live broadcasted to make these session accessible for any of those interested and not at the COP 25 venue. This in addition to contributing to key roles in IPCC reports such as the and the upcoming IPCC Sixth Assessment Report and the recently published IPCC Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate.

Dr Carol Turley has also contributed to the third annual Report on Assessing Progress on Oceans and Climate Action: 2019 by the Roadmap to Ocean and Climate Action (ROCA) Initiative, which provides a summary of major developments in ocean and climate science, policy, and action in 2019.

You can find a schedule of PML events below.
Please note: All times are CET (Central European Time)

Tuesday 3rd December
15:00 - 16:15 

WWF Pavilion, Hall 6

The Ocean, Climate and Biodiversity: the evidence is clear for raising ambition.
Oceans are undergoing rapid change due to increasing CO2 emissions resulting in serious risks to marine biodiversity and ecosystems, and subsequent impact on global society. This will continue unless unprecedented action is taken.
Here we bring together experts and policy makers on Earth Information Day to summarise the findings of the IPCC Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate (SROCC) and to make recommendations and summarise initiatives for sustaining this unique habitat and Earth’s essential life support system.

Dr Carol Turley (PML) will be moderating this event and Prof Mel Austen (PML/GCRF Blue Communities) will be a panelist with a talk entitled: 'Healthy blue ecosystems support healthy blue communities'.

Download the flyer

View live broadcast

Tuesday 3rd December
17:00 - 18:30

UK Pavilion, Hall 8

Earth Observation and Climate Change: A Critical Capability in Understanding Our Changing World
Dr Marie-Fanny Racault from PML will be giving a talk entitled: 'Blue Planet: Earth Observations of the Oceans' : Earth Observation provides a unique capability to monitor the oceans on both global and local scales and lengthening time periods. Climate Data Records, produced by the European Space Agency, can be used in combination to observe the influence of climate on marine ecosystem health. Ocean Observations are a growing resource for informing mitigation, adaptation and resilience strategies.

Wednesday 4th December
11:30 - 12:45

UK Pavilion, Hall 8

The ocean, CO2 and society: challenges, opportunities and science responses for seas and society
Rising CO2 is impacting ocean ecosystems and dependent coastal communities through multiple climate-related changes to ocean physics, chemistry and biology. The ocean is also a source of adaptation and mitigation responses.
The session will showcase how action-driven transdisciplinary science can help understand and manage the challenges placed on the ocean and so improve sustainable development.
Dr Carol Turley (PML) will be moderating this event and Prof Mel Austen (PML/GCRF Blue Communities) will be part of the panel with a talk entitled: 'What the ocean provides society'

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Wednesday 4th December
16:45 - 18:15

Room 4

Carbon Removal and Return - Can CCS Decarbonise Industry in South America and help the oceans?

Dr Carol Turley (PML) will be presenting a talk entitled: 'IPCC Special Report on Oceans and the Cryosphere 

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View Live Broadcast

Thursday 5th December
10:00 - 11:00

Moana Blue Pacific Pavilion

Special Report on Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate (SROCC): A Pacific perspective
PML is co-organising this event.
Dr Carol Turley (PML) will be presenting key messages from SROCC.
Prof Mel Austen (PML/GCRF Blue Communities) will be a key speaker with a talk entitled: 'Case study: on-the-ground story of experience how communities adapt to the current and future challenges of ocean change in the Pacific.'

Friday 6th December
10:00 - 11:30

Cryosphere Pavilion, Blue Zone (Hall 8)

Changing Arctic Ocean - Evidence of change, global implications, policy response
This event focuses on the Changing Arctic Ocean, and the efforts to understand the changes
taking place by scientists in an international research programme funded by the UKRI Natural
Environment Research Council (NERC) and the German Federal Ministry of Education and
Research (BMBF), with discussion of the policy response to mitigate the global consequences of
Arctic warming.
Dr Carol Turley (PML) will be presenting at this event with a talk entitled: 'Cycling of key climate reactive trace gases in a changing Arctic Ocean'

Download the flyer

View Live Broadcast on Facebook

View Live broadcast on YouTube  

Friday 6th December 
13:00 - 14:15

UK Pavilion

Oceans Action Day

View the Oceans Action Day program

Click here to download the postcard which details the events related to Oceans Action Day.

Ocean Acidification: Managing and Adapting to the Challenge of Ocean Acidification: Strategies from around the World

Dr Helen Findlay (PML) will be part of the panel for this event with the title: 'The central role of oceans in climate and the implications of possible changes, focusing on ocean acidification (as part of the GOA-ON NE Hub).

This session will be followed by a special high level closing address by H.E. Andrés COUVE, the Science, Technology, Knowledge & Innovation Minister, Chile.

Dowload the flyer

Friday 6th December
15:00 - 16:30

Room 4, Blue Zone

Oceans Action Day

Connection oceans, science, society and the UNFCCC - raising ambition on climate mitigation and adaptation
Dr Carol Turley (PML) will be part of the panel for this event with the title of 'The ocean-climate-society nexus: raising ambition'

Download the flyer

View Live Broadcast

Saturday 7th December
10:00 - 11:00

UK Pavilion

Oceans Action Day

Blue carbon: Can it tackle climate change and boost resilience?

This session will explore the role of blue carbon ecosystems – like mangroves, seagrasses and tidal marshes – in both reducing carbon emissions and helping coastal areas adapt to climate change, by boosting protection against floods, storms and sea level rise. It will also consider how to integrate marine ecosystem management into policy. 

Prof Melanie Austen (PML/GCRF Blue Communities) will be speaking at this event with a talk entitled: 'Blue carbon: an ecosystem service with co-benefits for coastal communities'

View the program

Saturday 7th December
11:15 - 12:45

EU Pavilion

Oceans Action Day - View the program

EU Ocean Day - Oceans and Climate: From Science to Policy
The ocean plays a central role in regulating the Earth’s climate. CO2 and other GGE are giving rise to changes in the ocean: T° rise; Ocean acidification; Sea level rise; Expanding of oxygen minimum zones; Increasing in marine heat waves. Implementing MPAs, sustainable fisheries, enhancing adaptation and mitigation strategies in the oceans will be some of the scope areas for this Blue COP. The IPPC Special Report on the Ocean and the Cryosphere in a Changing Climate was released in September 2019, and it is expected to further raise attention on the ocean-climate link. This session will explore current challenges and opportunities to address the climate-ocean link, and associated adaptation & mitigation strategies over a range of socio-economic contexts. This session will also discuss emerging and challenging ocean adaptation issues and analyse how various countries and institutions could integrate their experience in the 2020 NDC review for ocean-climate indicators.

Dr Carol Turley (PML) will be a moderator for this event.
Dr Ana Queirós (PML) will be speaking at this event with a talk entitled: 'Climate ready marine spatial plans: end-use demonstrator using COPERNICUS Climate Data Store modelling data.'

View the program

Monday 9th December

Cryosphere Pavilion

Polar Ocean Acidification - highlighting issues and raising ambition
Dr Helen Findlay (PML) will be part of the panel for this event with a talk entitled: 'Overview of Polar ocean acidification in context of changing oceans'

Download the flyer 

View Live Broadcast on YouTube

View Live Broadcast on Facebook

Monday 9th December
13:00 - 14:30

Cryosphere Pavilion

Tackling Polar Ocean Acidification - Arctic Council lunch briefing
The Arctic Council’s COP25 side event aims to discuss in Madrid on 9 December is: how should we employ scientific knowledge that scientists have accumulated in recent decades, and address ecosystem impacts? 
Dr Helen Findlay (PML) will be part of the expert panel for this event with a talk entitled: 'The impacts of ocean acidification on Arctic species and ecosystems'.

View Live Broadcast on YouTube

View Live Broadcast on Facebook


Top image courtesy of: UNclimatechange on Flickr

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