Science To Impact Area
The marine environment is impacted by human activities which have variable effects on the health of the ocean and its capacity to provide for us. Whilst some impacts are very visible, others are less obvious, and whilst some are benign, others are very harmful.
The requirements for PML-led action are as diverse as the problem being addressed. Our stakeholder groups include international and local legislators who utilise our observations, model outputs and the expertise of our staff to interpret and advise on the complexity of marine systems under pressure. PML contributes to the activities of governmental and intergovernmental organisations who advise on the control of allochthonous inputs, conservation, management and sustainability goals. Non-governmental organisations, local authorities and tourism boards all utilise PML outputs to inform on the quality and function of water bodies used for recreation, aquaculture and other commercial activities which include the shipping industry, armed forces and port authorities. The “blue space” is a relatively recent concept which advocates that closeness to the marine environment is beneficial to health and wellbeing and therefore engenders a link between PML and public health organisations and practitioners.
Exemplar activities which highlight how cross-disciplinary teams from PML unite to address environmental concerns include:
- Assessments of carbon sequestration and blue carbon at the scale of the north-east Atlantic Ocean.
- Highlighting the importance of ocean and coastal processes on the atmospheric flux of greenhouse gases.
- Providing climate change projections to advise the MMO in their publication of the South-West Marine Plan.
- Investigating the transport of land-derived carbon and nutrients between catchment and coast. Engagement with local stakeholders informs activities ranging from peatland restoration, flood defence, re-naturalisation of farmland and agricultural activities to retain soil carbon and reduce nutrient loss;
- Development and production of observation systems, models and risk maps for cholera in the northern Indian Ocean which will support evidence-based policy decisions and actions to inform local communities, governments, health services, intergovernmental agencies and policy makers;
- Providing techniques for the identification of pollution (oil, litter, nutrients) from satellite data which when integrated with models, produce forecast and hindcast predictions of the source and direction of pollution.
- The integration of sustained, multiplatform observing networks and marine ecosystem models to improve operational short-term and seasonal predictions of ecosystem stressors (e.g. anoxia, ocean acidification and harmful algal blooms).
PML Project pages
Addressing Challenges of Coastal Communities through Ocean Research for Developing Economies (ACCORD)
Artificial Light in Coastal Ecosystems (ALICE)
Atlantic Ecosystem Assessment, Forecasting and Sustainability (AtlantECO)
Biological cycling of N-osmolytes in the surface ocean (N-osmolytes)
Biological Pump and Carbon Exchange Processes (BICEP)
Carbon/Nutrient Dynamics and Fluxes of the Shelf System (CANDYFLOSS)
Changing Arctic Carbon cycle in the cOastal Ocean Near-shore (CACOON)
Copernicus Evolution: Research for harmonised and Transitional water Observation (CERTO)
Earth and Sea Observation System (EASOS): Marine pollution
Earth observation for sustainable development (EO4SD) - marine resources
FRONTAL: Satellite FRONTs for detection of Anthropogenic plastic Litter
FutureMARES: Climate Change and Future Marine Ecosystem Services and Biodiversity
Land ocean carbon transfer (LOCATE)
Marine plastic pollution in the Arctic
Optical Methods for Marine Litter detection (OPTIMAL)
Pathways and emissions of climate-relevant trace gases in a changing Arctic Ocean (PETRA)
Pathways Of Dispersal for Cholera And Solution Tools (PODCAST)
Rehabilitation of Vibrio-infested waters of Lake Vembanad, funded under the India-UK Water Quality programme (REVIVAL)
Removing marine microplastics with mussel power
South Asian Nitrogen Hub
The Economics of Marine Plastic Pollution: What are the Benefits of International Cooperation
Western Channel Observatory (WCO)
- Copernicus Global Land Operations (CGLOPS)
- MARINe DNA
Martinez-Vicente, V; Clark, JR; Corradi, P; Aliani, S; Arias, M; Bochow, M; et al. 2019. Measuring Marine Plastic Debris from Space: Initial Assessment of Observation Requirements. Remote Sensing.
Muller-Karanassos, C; Arundel, W; Lindeque, PK; Vance, T; Turner, A; Cole, MJ. 2020 Environmental concentrations of antifouling paint particles are toxic to sediment-dwelling invertebrates. Environmental Pollution.
Beaumont, NJ; Aanesen, M; Austen, MC; Börger, T; Clark, JR; Cole, MJ; Hooper, TL; Lindeque, PK; Pascoe, CK; Wyles, KJ. 2019 Global ecological, social and economic impacts of marine plastic. Marine Pollution Bulletin.
Williamson, JL; Tye, A; Lapworth, DJ; Monteith, D; Sanders, R; Mayor, DJ; et al. 2021. Landscape controls on riverine export of dissolved organic carbon from Great Britain. Biogeochemistry.
Kitidis, V; Tait, K; Nunes, J; Brown, IJ; Woodward, EMS; Harris, C; Sabadel, AJM; Sivyer, DB; Silburn, B; Kröger, S. 2017 Seasonal benthic nitrogen cycling in a temperate shelf sea: the Celtic Sea. Biogeochemistry.
Williamson, P; Turley, CM. 2016 How can we minimise negative effects on ocean health? Policy card E1-E2. AVOID and UKOA programmes, 2pp.
Broszeit, S; Beaumont, NJ; Uyarra, MC; Heiskanen, AS; Frost, MT; Somerfield, PJ; Rossberg, AG; Teixeira, H; Austen, MC. 2017. What can indicators of good environmental status tell us about ecosystem services?: Reducing efforts and increasing cost-effectiveness by reapplying biodiversity indicator data. Ecological Indicators.
Turley, C., Racault, M.-F., Roberts, J.M., Scott, B.E., Sharples, J., Thiele, T., Williams, R.G. and Williamson P. 2021. Why the Ocean Matters in Climate Negotiations. COP26 Universities Network Briefing.